On August 14, 2015, the New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission approved new regulations regarding Class 1 hazardous substance injection wells. The amended legislation states that, depending on the location of the injection well, either a state or federal surety bond will need to be filed by the operator of the well.
If the injection well is located on federal land, the principal (well operator) must post a federal surety bond rather than one designated for the state. This bond satisfies the federal financial assurance requirements in association with injection wells. If an injection well is built on a non-federal piece of land, a surety bond is still required, but only needs to be filed with the state of New Mexico.
These bonds act as a form of financial reassurance to those who own the land in which the wells are built on. The financial assurance ensures that once a well is closed, the well operator is still required to maintain financial responsibility.
Bond amounts must be equal to the estimated cost of post-closure care to the site. The price you’ll pay for a bond varies on a case-by-case basis depending on the cost of site maintenance. The best way to find out how much you’d pay for your bond is to contact a licensed surety bond provider.